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Synthesis and Characterization of Amorphous SiO2 Nanowires Derived from a Polymeric Precursor

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Abstract:

Bulk quantity and long-scale amorphous SiO2 nanowires have been prepared simply by direct pyrolysis of an iron-modified perhydropolysilazane (Fe-PHPS) at 1300 °C in the flowing Ar atmosphere. Scanning electronic microscope (SEM) study shows that most SiO2 nanowires have smooth surface and they consist of straight and smoothly curved parts, with diameters in the range of 50 to 200 nm and lengths up to 200 m. Beside this normal form of SiO2 nanowires via the typical vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism, four other different helical forms of nanowires, named spring-shaped nanowires, twinborn nanospring, fishbone-shaped nanowires and braided-like helical SiO2 nanowires, are also observed. The formation of these nanowires is proposed to be the modulated contact angle anisotropy (CAA) mechanism based on the VLS mechanism.

Keywords: GROWTH MECHANISM; HELICAL NANOSTRUCTURES; MORPHOLOGY; SIO2 NANOWIRES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.025

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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