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A Study on Fabrication, Morphological and Optical Properties of Lead Sulfide Nanocrystals

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Abstract:

To investigate the properties of lead sulfide (PbS) nanocrystals, we have prepared PbS nanocrystals on/in the porous alumina membrane with a pore diameter 20 nm. Utilizing the reaction of Pb wires and the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas, PbS nanocrystals produced and grew as the reaction time increased. The composition identification of the nanocrystals was performed by the XPS and EDS analyses. More structure characteristics of the PbS nanocrystals obtained from the TEM analysis. As indicated in the PL spectra, an orange-red emission band appeared and the emission intensities were obviously related to the defects in the nanocrytals. A significant quantum confinement effect made the energy gap of PbS nanocrystals produce a blue shift from 0.41 eV to 1.89 eV. Furthermore, the growth mechanism of the PbS nanocrystals was also discussed.

Keywords: ALUMINA MEMBRANE; GROWTH MECHANISM; LEAD SULFIDE; NANOCRYSTALS; QUANTUM CONFINEMENT EFFECT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.067

Publication date: 2008-02-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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