Impurity-Driven Nanocrystallization of Zr-Based Bulk Amorphous Alloys
Abstract:The effect of oxygen content and Ti addition on the glass forming ability (GFA) and crystallization kinetic of Zr-based bulk glass forming alloys have been studied by means of thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction techniques. Presence of oxygen triggers the formation of a nanocrystalline metastable f.c.c. Zr2 Ni-type phase which can act as heterogenous nucleation sites for the formation of dendrites during solidification. An increase in oxygen content changes the crystallization behaviour from a single- to a double-step process and triggers the crystallization of stable Zr2(Cu,Al) besides metastable Zr2 Ni-type phase. Oxygen-triggered nucleation of a nanocrystalline metastable Zr2 Ni-type phase is found to be the initial step of crystallization. The important parameters of GFA such as glass transition temperatures, Tg, the crystallization temperatures, Tx, and crystallization enthalpies, ΔH, were determined by using DSC. It was observed that the presence of oxygen, even in a very small amount, and Ti addition cause a drastic reduction of the supercooled liquid region, ΔTx, accompanied by a change of the crystallization kinetic. This leads to the decrease in stability of the supercooled liquid, consequently results in a deterioration of the glass forming ability of the alloy.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2008
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