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Nano-Structured Gold Catalysts Supported on CeO2 and CeO2-Al2O3 for NOx Reduction by CO: Effect of Catalyst Pretreatment and Feed Composition

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Gold catalysts supported on ceria and ceria-alumina were studied in NOx reduction by CO. Gold was loaded using deposition-precipitation method. The ceria-alumina (20 wt% alumina) support was synthesized by co-precipitation. The average size of gold and ceria nano-particles was bellow 10 nm. It was established that the type of pretreatment do not have a substantial effect on the catalytic activity. The presence of O2 in the feed leads to a high conversion of CO to CO2 but no NO conversion was registered. Both NO and CO conversion was increased adding H2 to the feed. The catalytic activity became higher upon adding higher amount of H2. Supplementary to the main reaction parallel reactions took place. Bellow 200 °C N2O formation and at 250 °C and above the NH3 formation was detected. At around 200 °C it was established 100% selectivity to N2. The addition of water to the feed influenced positively the CO conversion and did not influence negatively the conversion of NO. The selectivity to N2 at around 200 °C remained 100% independent of the presence of moisture. Alumina in the mixed support prevents the sintering of both gold and ceria nano-particles. The results obtained make the catalysts containing gold supported on ceria-alumina promising for practical application.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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