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Self-Organization of Cobalt-Silicide Nanoislands on Stepped Si(111) as a Function of Growth Method

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Abstract:

When silicides, such as CoSi2, are grown in the form of nanoislands they frequently exhibit nanometer size effects, which can be useful for single electron devices. For such devices, however, lateral self-organization is required. In this work, step-aided self-organization of CoSi2 nanoislands is demonstrated on a vicinal (stepped) Si(111) substrate. Straight and equidistant steps or step-bunches are routinely obtained on the vicinal Si(111), creating almost ideal template for self-organization. Two growth methods were examined: solid-phase epitaxy (SPE), where Co was deposited at room temperature and annealed to promote silicide formation, and reactive deposition epitaxy (RDE) where Co was deposited at elevated temperature. While the latter did not result in any noticeable ordering, due to instantaneous reaction with Si in course of deposition, the former lead to preferential occupation of step-bunch sites by the silicide nanoislands. Furthermore, self-limiting growth caused narrow distribution of island sizes and island–island separation distances.

Keywords: SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY; SELF-ASSEMBLED NANOSTRUCTURES; SELF-ORGANIZATION; SILICIDE NANOISLANDS; STEP-BUNCH EDGES; VICINAL SI(111) SURFACE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.A071

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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