Direct Observation of Polarons in Electron Populated Quantum Dots by Resonant Raman Scattering

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Abstract:

The general problem of the pairing of strongly interacting elementary excitations producing new quasiparticles such as polarons arises in many areas of solid state physics. Recent interest in polaron formation in semiconductor quantum dots has been motivated by the need to understand the physical nature of the carrier relaxation processes and their role in quantum-dot based devices. We report on the direct observation of polarons in InAs/GaAs self-assembled quantum dots populated by few electrons where the polarons are strongly coupled modes of quantum dot phonons and electron intersublevel transitions. The degree of coupling is varied in a systematic way in a set of samples having electron intersublevel spacing changing from larger to smaller than the longitudinal optical phonon energy. The signature of polarons is evidenced clearly by the observation of a large (12–20 meV) anticrossing for both InAs and GaAs-like quantum dot phonons using resonant Raman spectroscopy.

Keywords: POLARON; QUANTUM DOT; RESONANT RAMAN SCATTERING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.A068

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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