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Formation of Ge Nanocrystals in Al2O3 Matrix

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Ge nanocrystals were formed in Al2O3 matrix by implantation of Ge ions into sapphire (α-Al2O3) substrates and subsequent annealing. Diagnostic techniques, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, TEM, EDS, and SAED were employed to monitor and study formation of Ge nanocrystals and their evolution during heat treatments. TEM and EDS analysis revealed the diffusion of Ge ions into the substrate during annealing process. While Ge nanocrystals with mean sizes of 15 nm were observed in the heavily implanted region small nanocrystals with mean sizes of 4 nm were identified underneath this region. Some grains of transition aluminas were formed in the implanted region which was amorphized during the implantation. Extensive stress between the transition aluminas and sapphire matrices and its effects on the matrix were detected. The effect of stress on the Raman and XRD spectra of Ge nanocrystals was discussed.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2008-02-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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