Anomalous Absorption of Isolated Silver Nanoparticulate Films in Visible Region of Electromagnetic Field
Abstract:Anomalous absorption of isolated silver nanoparticulate films with different morphological patterns prepared by the wet colloidal route and followed by thermal treatment were investigated. A polymer embedded silver nanoparticulate film thermally treated at 200 °C showed maximum absorbance at ∼412 nm. The peakposition of the surface plasmon band was slightly different but still consistent with theoretical prediction derived by the Mie theory. An isolated nanopariculate film thermally treated at 300 °C showed anomalous absorption. Its maximum absorption band was shifted to green regime of 506.9 nm and the bandwidth at half-maximum absorbance of the surface plasmon band was greatly broadened. The plasmon band and its bandwidth were much deviated compared to the theoretical prediction calculated for the silver nanoparticles in the surrounding medium of air and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) or soda-lime-silica glass. Even though there was no significant growth of silver nanoparticles during thermal treatment at 300 °C, the anomalous absorption was observed. The anomalous absorption was not attributed to effects of particle shape and size but to effects of pores induced by development of a great number of pores in the nanoparticulate film. The anomalous absorption greatly decreased with increase in heating temperature from 400 °C to 500 °C. The extraordinary plasmon damping of the isolated film decreased and the plasmon absorption band was re-shifted to violet regime of 416 nm because of large decrease in size of particles with dramatic change of pore morphology from circular pores with rim to small continuous pores induced by spontaneous formation of new silver nanoparticles.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2008
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