Effect of Glass Phase on the Dissolution of Hydroxyapatite
Nano size defect formation at grain boundary during the dissolution of hydroxyapatite in water was evaluated by adding several sintering additives for sinterability enhancement. In the case of sintered pure hydroxyapatite, significant dissolution occurred after immersion in distilled water or in simulated body fluid. The dissolution initiated at the grain boundaries creating nano-size defects like small pores that afterwards grew up to micro scale by increasing immersion time. This dissolution resulted in grain separation at the surfaces and finally in fracture. The dissolution concentrated on the grains adjacent to pores rather than those in the dense region. So hydroxyapatite ceramics containing glass powders were prepared to prevent the dissolution by strengthening grain boundary. Calcium silicate and phosphate glasses were added at 0 to 10 mass% and sintered at 1200 °C for 2 h in air with moisture protection. Glass phase was incorporated into hydroxyapatite to act as the sintering aid followed by crystallization in order to improve the mechanical properties without reducing biocompatibility. Dissolution tests, as well as X-ray diffraction and SEM showed little decomposition of hydroxyapatite to secondary phases and the fracture toughness increased compared to pure hydroxyapatite.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-02-01
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