Fabrication and Characterization of ZnO Nanoneedle Array Using Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition
High density and vertically well-aligned ZnO nanoneedle arrays were fabricated on the ZnO thin film deposited on silicon substrates. The ZnO buffer layer and nanoneedles were synthesized by metal organic chemical vapor deposition using diethylzinc and oxygen gas. The ZnO buffer film was grown at 250 °C and the growth temperature of nanoneedles was in the range of 480–500 °C. As-grown ZnO nanoneedles showed single crystalline structure of ZnO (002). The crystalline properties of three samples (A: as-deposited ZnO buffer layer, B: annealed buffer film, C: ZnO nanoneedles) were compared using XRD and Raman spectroscopy. The synthesized ZnO nanoneedles (sample C) showed highest crystalline quality among three samples. The field emission properties of ZnO nanoneedles were investigated, which showed low turn on field of 4.8 V m−1 and high field enhancement factor of 3.2 × 103.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-02-01
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