Synthesis of 1D Regular Arrays of Gold Nanoparticles and Modeling of Their Optical Properties
Self-organized formation of uniform coating of semiconductor substrate by metal nanoparticles offers a convenient and efficient access to large-scale arrays of uniform metal-semiconductor nanostructures. We used a cheap and facile method of photoinduced chemical gold deposition from an aqueous or alcohol gold salt solution onto semiconductor surface (GaAs, InP). By controlling of both the solution composition and the deposition conditions, gold particles of 10–50 nm in diameter were obtained and the gold covering degree of the semiconductor surface was varied in a wide range. Morphology of the nano/micro structures formed was characterized by atomic force microscopy and scanned electron microscopy with local element analysis. The investigations show that the semiconductor surface patterning can be used for the selective deposition of gold nanoparticles, because they are located predominantly at the tops of the microrelief. We have used specially textured by the anisotropic chemical etching microrelief surfaces of semiconductor single crystal as templates and have obtained nanoparticle arrays in the shape of 1D systems of near parallel quasiperiodical wires. For the periodic 1D array of metal nanowires built into the air-semiconductor interface the spectral and angular dependencies of the transmittance/reflectance of the polarized light have been obtained theoretically using differential formalism. These dependencies demonstrate non-monotonic behaviour at surface plasmon polariton excitation conditions and show possibility of designing functional subwavelength devices.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-02-01
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