Synthesis and Raman Scattering from Zn1−x MnxS Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Nanowires
The growth of Diluted Magnetic Semiconducting (DMS) Zn1−x MnxS (0 ≤ x < 0 6) nanowires (NWs) using a three-zone furnace and two solid sources is reported. The approach is generally applicable to many binary and ternary NW systems that grow by the Vapor-Liquid-Solid growth mechanism. Mn concentration was controlled by the temperature of the Mn source. The Zn/Mn ratio was found to determine the crystalline structure, i.e., wurtzite or zinc blende. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements revealed highly crystalline single phase NWs. The vibrational properties of the DMS NWs with different Zn/Mn ratios were studied by correlating their Raman scattering spectra with the composition measured by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS). We find that the transverse optical (TO) phonon band disappears at the lowest Mn concentrations, while the longitudinal optical (LO) phonon band position was found insensitive to x. Three additional Raman bands were observed between the ZnS q = 0 TO and LO phonons when Mn atoms were present in the NWs. These bands are similar to those reported previously for bulk Zn1−x MnxS and their origin is still controversial.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-01-01
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