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Oxide Nanobelts and Nanowires—Growth, Properties and Applications

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Abstract:

Nanowires (NWs) and nanobelts (NBs) are diverse classes of one-dimensional nanoscale materials with controllable size, composition, structure and corresponding physical and chemical properties. This article reviews the novel growth phenomena, unique properties and exciting applications of oxide NWs and NBs. First, the article gives a general introduction about the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth method. Second, the growth of oxide NBs using a vapor-solid (VS) process has been demonstrated. Third, using ZnO as an example, polar-surface dominated growth phenomena, such as the formation of single-crystal nanoring, nanospring and nanohelix, are comprehensively described. Then, novel techniques developed for characterizing the mechanical, electrical, thermal and optical properties of NWs and NBs are illustrated. Finally, some exciting applications in areas such as sensors, photon detectors and nanogenerators are presented. In concluding, the challenges and prospects for the future are discussed.

Keywords: FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR; NANOBELT; NANOGENERATOR; NANOWIRE; SENSOR; VAPOR-LIQUID-SOLID; VAPOR-SOLID; ZNO

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.N08

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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