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Electrochemical Biosensor Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Au Nanoparticles Synthesized in Chitosan

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Abstract:

A new biosensor is prepared by cross-linking glucose oxidase (GOD) with glutaradehyde at the electrode combining Au nanoparticles (AuNP) with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Au nanoparticles-doped chitosan (CS) solution (AuNP-CS) is prepared by treating the CS solution followed by chemical reduction of Au (III) with NaBH4. MWCNTs are then dispersed in AuNP-CS solution. TEM, FT-IR, and UV-Vis show that the AuNP-CS solution is highly dispersed and stable. The synergistic effect between AuNP and CNTs of the AuNP-CNTs-CS material has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and amperometric methods. The modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) allows low-potential detection of H2O2 with high sensitivity and fast response time. With the immobilization of GOD, a biosensor has been constructed. In phosphate buffer solutions (PBS, pH 7.0), nearly free interference determination of glucose has been realized at 0.4 V(vs. Ag/AgCl/3.0 M KCl) with a wide linear range from 2.0 × 10−5 to 1.5 × 10−2 M and a fast response time within 5s. The biosensor has been used to determine glucose in human serum samples and the results are satisfactory.

Keywords: AU NANOPARTICLES; BIOSENSOR; CARBON NANOTUBES; CHITOSAN; GLUCOSE; SYNERGISTIC EFFECT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.345

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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