Electrochemical Biosensor Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Au Nanoparticles Synthesized in Chitosan
Abstract:A new biosensor is prepared by cross-linking glucose oxidase (GOD) with glutaradehyde at the electrode combining Au nanoparticles (AuNP) with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Au nanoparticles-doped chitosan (CS) solution (AuNP-CS) is prepared by treating the CS solution followed by chemical reduction of Au (III) with NaBH4. MWCNTs are then dispersed in AuNP-CS solution. TEM, FT-IR, and UV-Vis show that the AuNP-CS solution is highly dispersed and stable. The synergistic effect between AuNP and CNTs of the AuNP-CNTs-CS material has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and amperometric methods. The modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) allows low-potential detection of H2O2 with high sensitivity and fast response time. With the immobilization of GOD, a biosensor has been constructed. In phosphate buffer solutions (PBS, pH 7.0), nearly free interference determination of glucose has been realized at 0.4 V(vs. Ag/AgCl/3.0 M KCl) with a wide linear range from 2.0 × 10−5 to 1.5 × 10−2 M and a fast response time within 5s. The biosensor has been used to determine glucose in human serum samples and the results are satisfactory.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2007
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