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Preparation of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes-Platinum-Nafion-Glucose Oxidase Nanobiocomposite and Its Application to Glucose Biosensor

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Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles were electrodeposited within multiwalled carbon nanotubes-Nafion-glucose oxidase (MWNTs-Nafion-GOx) nanobiocomposite by a potentiostatic method. The morphology and nature of the resulting MWNTs-Pt-Nafion-GOx nanobiocomposite were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The electrocatalytic properties of the MWNTs-Pt-Nafion-GOx nanobiocomposite film modified glassy carbon electrode were characterized by cyclic voltammetry and amperometry in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The glucose biosensor sensitivity was strongly influenced by the deposits of Pt nanoparticles and amount of GOx concentration within the MWNTs-Pt-Nafion-GOx nanobiocomposite film. The optimized glucose biosensor displayed a sensitivity of 640 nA mM−1, a linear range of up to 4 mM, a detection limit of 4 M, and a response time of less than 4 s at an operating potential of +500 mV versus Ag/AgCl (3 M KCl).
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Keywords: BIOSENSOR; GLUCOSE OXIDASE; MULTIWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; NAFION; PT NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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