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Morphology and N2 Permeability of Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube—Teflon Membranes

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Abstract:

We prepared buckypapers with surface densities in the 1.13–5.66 mg · cm−2 range by filtering multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) suspensions in acetyl-acetone (acac) and dimethylformamide (DMF) through 0.45 m nylon filters. Filtration curves were evaluated using the Carman equation. The average resistance of the filter itself was found to be Rm = 3.79 · 1010 m−1 for acac and 8.49 · 1010 m−1 for DMF. The specific resistance of the filter cakes decreased with increasing film surface density from 16.1 · 1012 m · kg−1 (for the 1.13 mg · cm−2 film from DMF) to 4.38 · 1012 m · kg−1 (for the 5.66 mg · cm−2 film from DMF). The effective diffusivity of N2 at 298 K and a pressure difference of 10 mbar was also determined for all membranes and found to fall into the 1.14 · 10−9–3.74 · 10−9 m2 · s−1 range. Both the porosity and the tortuosity of buckypapers increased with their thickness. An approx. 5 m thick Teflon (PTFE) coating was applied to the MWCNT membranes by pulsed laser deposition. The gas permeability of the MWCNT–PTFE membranes matches that of the uncoated nanotube films. This observation is an agreement with our SEM and AFM data on porous coating morphology.

Keywords: FILTRATION; GAS PERMEABILITY; MULTI-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES; THICK FILMS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.343

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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