Ozone Reaction with Carbon Nanostructures 2: The Reaction of Ozone with Milled Graphite and Different Carbon Black Grades

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Abstract:

Synthetic graphite particles 0.2 microns in diameter react with O3 at room temperature with evolution of CO2. Graphite is less reactive with ozone than carbon blacks having different surface area ranging from 120 to 8 m2/g, but graphite reactivity is comparable to that shown by powdered solid C60 and C70 fullerenes. The kinetic rate constant derived from the ozone consumption k appears in relation with the rate of CO2 evolution suggesting a very simple reaction stoichiometry at the early stages. The reaction between ozone and graphite or carbon blacks essentially involves two stages: the gasification of the surface to CO2 and its functionalization with oxygenated chemical groups, mainly as COOH but also other oxygenated chemical moieties. The pseudofirst order kinetics appears adequate to describe the heterogeneous reaction between ozone and the selected carbon materials. The discussion of the results is focused on the role played by fullerene-like carbon nanostructures, present in graphene sheets to explain the observed gasification rates and surface functionalization.

Keywords: CARBON BLACK; CARBON NANOSTRUCTURES; FUNCTIONAL GROUPS; GASIFICATION; MILLED GRAPHITE; OZONE; OZONIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.327

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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