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Electronic Spectra of the Crystalline Polymers of C60: Photoluminescence Study at High Pressure

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Abstract:

Specific details of the electronic spectra of perfect crystalline polymers of C60 were studied by means of the photoluminescence spectra measurements at normal conditions and at high pressure up to 4 GPa. The structure of the photoluminescence spectra, the intensity distribution between the principal bands and the pressure-induced shift of the bands differ considerably among the pristine C60, linear orthorhombic and planar tetragonal and rhombohedral polymeric phases of C60. Unlike the planar polymers of C60, the linear orthorhombic polymer exhibits irreversible changes in the photoluminescence spectrum under simultaneous application of high pressure and laser irradiation. The changes observed in the photoluminescence spectra of the planar polymeric phases of C60, as compared to the pristine material, are discussed in relation to the corresponding changes in the calculated electronic structure of the pristine C60 and its polymeric phases. The observed photoluminescence spectral structure along with the pressure behavior of the photoluminescence spectra are very sensitive to the structure of the polymers as well as to the C60 cage deformations and can be used to effectively characterize the various polymeric phases of C60.

Keywords: FULLERENES; HIGH PRESSURE; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POLYMERS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.324

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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