Cross-Linking of C60 Films with 1,8-Diaminooctane and Further Decoration with Silver Nanoparticles
Abstract:We applied the direct solvent-free functionalization of fullerene C60 with aliphatic bifunctional amine, 1,8-diaminooctane, to prepare chemically cross-linked C60 thin films capable of binding silver nanoparticles. The gas-phase diamine treatment of C60 reduced dramatically the fullerene solubility in toluene, indicating the transformation of pristine C60 into a different solid phase with cross-linked fullerene molecules. Compared to the spectra of pristine C60 film and powder samples, Fourier-transform infrared, UV-Visible, Raman, and 13C nucleic magnetic resonance spectra of the functionalization products exhibited new features, which point to a breakingof C60 ideal structure during the formation of new covalent bonds and to the appearance of sp3 hibridization. The covalent functionalization with 1,8-diaminooctane allowed for a stable and homogeneous deposition of silver nanoparticles of ca. 5-nm diameter onto the functionalized films through the coordination bonding between metal atoms and nitrogen donor atoms of the fullerene derivatives. The proposed mechanism of Ag nanoparticle binding was supported by density functional theory calculations using the hybrid BLYP functional in conjunction with the double numerical basis set DND.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2007
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