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Solubilization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes in Organic Solvents without Sidewall Functionalization

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Abstract:

Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) may be made soluble in a range of organic solvents without sidewall functionalization via their reduction by Na/Hg amalgam in the presence of dibenzo-18-crown-6. The [Na(dibenzo-18-crown-6)]n[SWNT] complex has been characterized by UV-Visible, Raman, and AFM and is consistent with no additional sidewall functionalization as compared with raw SWNTs, while MALDI-MS shows the presence of the [Na(dibenzo-18-crown-6)]+ ion. Solubility is greatest in CH2Cl2 and DMF being comparable to surfactant dispersed SWNTs, however, measurable solubilities are also observed in hexane, toluene, and alcohols. Reaction with alkyl halides (bromohexane, 1-iodododecane) yields alkyl functionalized SWNTs (i.e., C6H11-SWNTs and C12H25-SWNTs) with an CSWNT:alkyl ratio (ca. 40:1) significantly lower than that observed by the analogous reaction of alkyl halides with reduced SWNTs formed by the Billups method in liquid ammonia.

Keywords: NANOTUBE; REDUCTION; SOLUBILIZATION; SWNT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.824

Publication date: 2007-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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