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Dislocations in Carbon Nanotube Walls

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Abstract:

We present a novel interpretation of defected tubes based on a dislocation model. A scroll (a sheet rolled without closure) is considered as an axial edge dislocation in a multiwall nanotube (MWNT). Screw dislocation type defects separate scroll from nested-tubes within the same nanotube. The glide of the screw dislocation causes the transformation between these two forms. In some cases, the mechanism of formation of an MWNT could, therefore, start with the formation of a scroll which, by gliding of a screw dislocation, is transformed into the more stable MWNT. We compare the structure and energetics of prismatic screw and edge dislocations in graphite and carbon nanotubes. We present calculations for the Peierls barrier of the first kind for graphite and we discuss this result for glide motion of screw dislocations in nanotubes. There is no evidence for stable sp3 atoms in any of the studied nanostructures.

Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBE WALLS; DISLOCATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.844

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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