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Controlled Nanoporous Structures of a Marine Diatom

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Abstract:

We demonstrated chemical etching of a marine diatom shell with 1 N NaOH for controlling the pore size of nanoporous structures of the shell under various conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images clearly revealed that the pore size of the diatom shells was regulated in the case of etching at 25 °C. In contrast, fluctuations in the etched structures was relatively high even during short periods degradation at 40, 60, and 90 °C; therefore, controlled nanoporous structures could not be fabricated. This is the first example of artificial modification of natural diatom shells at the nanoscale although diatom shells have been widely used in industry. In addition, a backbone-like structure was observed during the etching process. The structure was similar to the intermediate structure observed during the primitive stage of the diatom cell growth. Probably, this information is valuable for studying the mechanism of nanoporous structures of diatoms.

Keywords: BIOCERAMICS; DIATOM SHELL; ETCHING; NANOPOROUS; SILICA

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.633

Publication date: August 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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