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Cyanobacteria as Bioreactors for the Synthesis of Au, Ag, Pd, and Pt Nanoparticles via an Enzyme-Mediated Route

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Abstract:

Common Anabaena, Calothrix, and Leptolyngbya cyanobacteria are shown to form Au, Ag, Pd, and Pt nanoparticles of well-controlled size. These nanoparticles are synthesized intra-cellularly, and naturally released in the culture medium, where they are stabilized by algal polysaccharides, allowing their easy recovery. The size of the recovered particles as well as the reaction yield is shown to depend on the cyanobacteria genus. Investigations of nanoparticle formation indicate that the intracellular nitrogenase enzyme is responsible for the metal reduction but that the cellular environment is involved in the colloid growth process.

Keywords: CYANOBACTERIA; ENZYMATIC REDUCTION; NANOPARTICLES; NITROGENASE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.600

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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