Dielectric Properties of PMMA/Soot Nanocomposites
Dielectric analysis (DEA) of relaxation behavior in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) soot nanocomposites is described herein. The soot, an inexpensive material, consists of carbon nanotubes, amorphous and graphitic carbon and metal particles. Results are compared to earlier studies on PMMA/multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) composites and PMMA/single-walled nanotube (SWNT) composites. The beta relaxation process appeared to be unaffected by the presence of the soot, as was noted earlier in nanotube composites. The γ relaxation region in PMMA, normally dielectrically inactive, was "awakened" in the PMMA/soot composite. This occurrence is consistent with previously published data on nanotube composites. The dielectric permittivity, ε′, increased with soot content. The sample with 1% soot exhibited a permittivity (at 100 Hz and 25 °C) of 7.3 as compared to 5.1 for neat PMMA. Soot increased the dielectric strength, Δε, of the composites. The 1% soot sample exhibited a dielectric strength of 6.38, while the neat PMMA had a value of 2.95 at 40 °C. The symmetric broadening term (α) was slightly higher for the 1% composite at temperatures near the secondary relaxation and near the primary relaxation, but all samples deviated from symmetrical semi-circular behavior (α = 1). The impact of the soot filler is seen more clearly in dielectric properties than in mechanical properties studies conducted earlier.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-07-01
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