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Solid Phase Monofunctionalization of Gold Nanoparticles Using Ionic Exchange Resin as Polymer Support

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A solid phase modification method using anionic exchange resin as polymer support was developed for the synthesis of monofunctional gold nanoparticles. Based on a "catch and release" mechanism to control the number of functional groups attached to the nanoparticle surface, bifunctional thiol ligands with a carboxylic acid end group were first immobilized at a controlled density on anionic exchange resin through electrostatic interactions. Gold nanoparticles were then immobilized to the anionic exchange resin by a one-to-one place exchange reaction between resin-bound thiol ligands and butanethiol-protected gold nanoparticles in solution. After cleaving off from the resin under mild conditions, gold nanoparticles with a single carboxyl group attached to the surface were obtained as the major product. Experimental conditions such as the solvents used for ligand loading and solid phase place exchange reaction, and the loading density of the ligands, were found to play a critical role towards the successful synthesis of monofunctional nanoparticles. Overall, the noncovalent bond-based ligand immobilization technique reported here greatly simplified the process of solid phase monofunctionalization of nanoparticles compared to a previously reported covalent bond-based ligand immobilization technique.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-07-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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