A Study on the Effects of Temperature and Volume Fraction on Thermal Conductivity of Copper Oxide Nanofluid
Authors: Jwo, Ching-Song; Chang, Ho; Teng, Tun-Ping; Kao, Mu-Jnug; Guo, Yu-Ting
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 7, Number 6, June 2007 , pp. 2161-2166(6)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:By using copper oxide nanofluid fabricated by the self-made Submerged Arc Nanofluid Synthesis System (SANSS), this paper measures the thermal conductivity under different volume fractions and different temperatures by thermal properties analyzer, and analyzes the correlation among the thermal conductivity, volume fraction, and temperature of nanofluid. The CuO nanoparticles used in the experiment are needle-like, with a mean particle size of about 30 nm. They can be stably suspended in deionized water for a long time. The experimental results show that under the condition that the temperature is 40 °C, when the volume fraction of nanofluid increases from 0.2% to 0.8%, the thermal conductivity increment of the prepared nanofluid towards deionized water can be increased from 14.7% to 38.2%. Under the condition that the volume fraction is 0.8%, as the temperature of nanofluid rises from 5 °C to 40 °C, the thermal conductivity increment of the prepared nanofluid towards deionized water increases from 5.9% to 38.2%. Besides, the effects of temperature change are greater than the effects of volume fraction on the thermal conductivity of nanofluid. Therefore, when the self-made copper oxide nanofluid is applied to the heat exchange device under medium and high temperature, an optimal radiation effect can be acquired.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2007-06-01
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