A High Performance Lipase Preparation: Characterization and Atomic Force Microscopy
Authors: Shah, Shweta; Sharma, Aparna; Varandani, Deepak; Mehta, Bodhraj; Gupta, Munishwar N.
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 7, Number 6, June 2007 , pp. 2157-2160(4)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:The goal of obtaining enzyme forms which show greater stability, higher catalytic efficiency, and reusability has been pursued since last several decades. Some novel biocatalyst designs have been evolved and protein coated micro-crystals (PCMCs) is one of them. Pseudomonas cepacia lipase coated micro-crystals were prepared by simultaneous precipitation of mixture of aqueous lipase solution and salts such as potassium sulphate by organic solvents. This resulted in lipase coated micro-crystals. The structures of micro-crystals were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The AFM picture confirmed the enzyme coating over the potassium sulphate crystals. These PCMCs are in the size range of 500-1000 nm. These enzyme coated micro-crystals showed enhanced transesterification rates. Also, the PCMC were stable at 60 °C whereas the free enzyme lost all its activity. The enzyme coated micro-crystals prepared by 50 mg Pseudomonas cepacia lipase gave 96% conversion in 90 min whereas free enzyme gave 8% conversion. Even PCMCs prepared from 3.12 mg lipase gave 90% conversion in 10 h at 60 °C where as free lipase was inactive at 60 °C.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2007-06-01
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