Role of Polyfunctional Organic Molecules in the Synthesis and Assembly of Metal Nanoparticles
Abstract:The role of polyfunctional organic molecules in the synthesis of differently shaped metallic nanostructures and their assembly is investigated. These molecules could be used as spacer ligands and also for surface passivation of nanoparticles, especially with the objective of controlling their electronic and optical properties depending on their length scales. We investigate the role of several such molecules, such as 4-aminothiophenol, tridecylamine, Bismarck brown R and Y, mordant brown, fat brown, chrysoidin (basic orange), and 3-aminobenzoic acid in the synthesis and assembly of various nanoparticles of gold and silver. For example, the use of 4-ATP helps in the formation of rod shaped micelles in aqueous acetonitrile as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) suggesting their role as soft templates. In addition, 4-ATP has also been used for the formation of heteroassembly of spherical nanoparticles of gold and silver at controlled pH. Significantly, triangular and hexagonal gold nanoplates are formed at room temperature by similar polyfunctional dye molecule, Bismarck brown R (BBR), while other analogous dye molecules give only arbitrary shaped gold nanoparticles. Further confirmation of their role in shape determination comes from linear amine molecules such as tridecylamine, which give only spherical nanoparticles both for silver and gold. In essence, our study confirms the role of various such organic molecules in shape controlled synthesis of nanoparticles. We also report optical and electrochemical properties of few of these nanostructures as a function of their shape.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-06-01
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