Nanostructuring of InP Surface by Low-Energy Ion Beam Irradiation
The InP nanodots of size 55 to 100 nm and height 25 to 30 nm have been synthesized by low-energy Ar+-ion irradiation with different ion energies. Sizes and size distributions of the dots strongly depend on growth conditions. Rapid thermal annealed (RTA) of the patterned surface shows cluster formation for annealing temperature 400 °C and above. Raman investigations reveal optical phonon softening due to correlation length shortening and broadening of the optical modes from the patterned surface. The softening is due to confinement of phonons in embedded nanocrystallites within the patterned surface along with surface nanodots, and broadening is attributed to their size distributions, which increases with increase in ion energy. The lattice damage recovery is observed from the patterned surface subjected to RTA, which exhibits upward shift of the LO and TO phonons due to the presence of complex interfacial stress, associated with the removal of crystal defects with RTA.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-06-01
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