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Effect of Size Reduction on Charge Ordering in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3

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In this paper we report size-induced collapse of charge ordering in nanoparticles of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 (LCMO). This happens when the particle size ≈100 nm or below. The investigation shows that a tuning of size can tune the nature of ground state in manganites. The particles were synthesized by sol–gel route (polyol based) and were characterized by X-ray-diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The collapse of charge ordering stabilizes the ferromagnetic phase with metallic character. The resulting phase appears to be electronically phase segregated. We base our conclusions on detailed magnetization and resistivity measurements as well as the evolution of the structure on size reduction. The observed data have been explained as arising due to a combined effect of both phases. Size reduction reduces the orthorhombic distortion and enhances the Double exchange that stabilizes the ferromagnetic phase and increases the band width. It is likely that this enhanced band-width leads to weakening of the charge-ordering and its eventual collapse.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2007-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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