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Hydrogen sensing characteristics of thick films of nanoparticles of ZnO and 3% Mn or Co doped ZnO with and without impregnation of 1% Pt have been investigated over a wide concentration range. The sensor characteristics of the Pt impregnated ZnO and 3% Mn or Co-doped ZnO nanoparticles are found to be excellent with the sensitivity reaching values in the 1000–1500 range for 1000 ppm of H2 at 125 °C or lower. The sensitivity is quite high even for 10 ppm of H2. The response and recovery times are generally less than 10 s in the region of high sensitivity. These films exhibit very good sensing characteristics for ethanol, the sensitivity being well above 2000 at 50 °C for 1000 ppm of vapour. Nanowires of Pt-impregnated ZnO also exhibit satisfactory sensing characteristics, but the values of the sensitivity are somewhat lower. Humidity has negligible effect on the performance of these sensors.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.