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Ethanol and Hydrogen Sensors Based on ZnO Nanoparticles and Nanowires

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Abstract:

Hydrogen sensing characteristics of thick films of nanoparticles of ZnO and 3% Mn or Co doped ZnO with and without impregnation of 1% Pt have been investigated over a wide concentration range. The sensor characteristics of the Pt impregnated ZnO and 3% Mn or Co-doped ZnO nanoparticles are found to be excellent with the sensitivity reaching values in the 1000–1500 range for 1000 ppm of H2 at 125 °C or lower. The sensitivity is quite high even for 10 ppm of H2. The response and recovery times are generally less than 10 s in the region of high sensitivity. These films exhibit very good sensing characteristics for ethanol, the sensitivity being well above 2000 at 50 °C for 1000 ppm of vapour. Nanowires of Pt-impregnated ZnO also exhibit satisfactory sensing characteristics, but the values of the sensitivity are somewhat lower. Humidity has negligible effect on the performance of these sensors.

Keywords: GAS SENSOR; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSENSOR; NANOWIRES; ZINC OXIDE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.742

Publication date: June 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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