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Development of Composites Incorporating Carbon Nanofibers and Nanotubes

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Abstract:

Nanocomposites provide significantly increased modulus, thermal, and electrical properties when compared to traditional reinforced composites. Present work was undertaken to study the microstructure, thermal, and electrical properties of carbon nanostructured reinforced polymer matrix composites. Composites were made with carbon nanofibers and nanotubes (produced by CVD method) as reinforcement with thermoplastic polymers as matrices. The amount of nanoreinforcements was varied between 1 to 5 wt% in different matrices. The problems associated with dispersion of reinforcing materials have been studied. Dispersion of nanofillers in thermoplastics, microstructures, and thermal stability of the reinforced thermoplastics have been studied using SEM, DSC, and TGA. Experimental results show that small amount of carbon nanofillers present in thermoplastic matrix systems enhance the thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties of the composites.

Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FUNCTIONALIZATION; NANOCOMPOSITES; THERMAL STABILITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.728

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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