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Structure and Dynamics of Confined Water Inside Narrow Carbon Nanotubes

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We have performed atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of water molecules inside narrow, open-ended carbon nanotubes placed in a bath of water molecules. The radius of the tube is such that only a single file of water molecules is allowed inside the tube. The confined water molecules are shown to be positionally ordered even at a temperature of 300 K. The calculated mean-square displacement (MSD) of the confined water molecules reveals that initially the water molecules undergo ballistic motion that crosses over to normal (Fickian) diffusion at longer times. We also develop a random-walk model in 1D for the motion of a cluster of water molecules inside the nanotube. The agreement of the MSD calculated from the MD simulation and from the 1D random-walk model establishes the occurrence of normal diffusion of water molecules even in a tube where single-file diffusion is expected.
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Keywords: CONTINUOUS-TIME RANDOM WALK; DISCRETE-TIME RANDOM WALK; HYDROGEN BOND ENERGY; HYDROPHOBIC PORE; WATER CONDUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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