Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Under Hydrostatic Pressure: Raman Experiments and Simulations

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Abstract:

We have used Raman spectroscopy to study the behavior of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT) under hydrostatic pressure. We find that the rate of change of the tangential mode frequency with pressure is higher for the sample with traces of polymer compared to the pristine sample. We have performed classical molecular dynamics simulations to study the collapse of single (SWNT) and double-walled carbon nanotube bundles under hydrostatic pressure. The collapse pressure (pc) was found to vary as 1/R3, where R is the SWNT radius or the DWNT effective radius. The bundles showed ∼30% hysteresis and the hexagonally close packed lattice was completely restored on decompression. The pc of a DWNT bundle was found to be close to the sum of its values for the inner and the outer tubes considered separately as SWNT bundles, demonstrating that the inner tube supports the outer tube and that the effective bending stiffness of DWNT, DDWNT ∼2DSWNT.

Keywords: DWNT; HIGH PRESSURE; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.710

Publication date: June 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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