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Release of Doxorubicin from Unstabilized and Stabilized Micelles Under the Action of Ultrasound

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Abstract:

Polymeric micelles are being investigated as chemotherapy drug delivery carriers using ultrasound as a trigger mechanism. The aim of this paper is to measure the release of Doxorubicin (Dox) from the core of unstabilized Pluronic P105 micelles, Pluronic P105 micelles stabilized with an interpenetrating network of N,N-diethylacrylamide, and micelles of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly (N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(oligolactylmethacrylate) with stabilized cores. An ultrasonic exposure chamber with fluorescence detection was used to measure the release of the antineoplastic agent from both stabilized and unstabilized micelles. The release of Dox at 37 °C from unstabilized Pluronic appears to be several times higher than release from the more stabilized and crosslinked copolymers at the same temperature. Although there is a difference in the amount of release between the different compounds, the onset of release occurs at about the same ultrasonic power density for all carriers investigated in this study. The threshold of drug release for all the compounds correlates to the emergence of subharmonic peaks detected in the acoustic spectra. We hypothesize that shearing events caused by cavitating bubbles play an important role in the acoustically activated release of chemotherapy agents delivered from various polymeric drug delivery vehicles.

Keywords: CAVITATION EVENTS; DOXORUBICIN; DRUG DELIVERY; MICELLE; ULTRASOUND

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.218

Publication date: March 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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