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Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Stainless Steel to Form Plate and Probe Electrodes for Chemical/Biological Sensing

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Abstract:

This paper describes the fabrication and evaluation of carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes grown on stainless steel (SS) plate and wire for electrochemical sensor applications. Multi-wall carbon nanotubes with different diameters were grown on the SS plate and wire by chemical vapor deposition from an ethylene precursor. The SS provides a good electrical and mechanical connection to the CNT, and the SS is a tough substrate. The SS part of the electrode was electrically insulated from the analyte so that only the CNT were active in sensing. Cyclic voltammetry for the reduction of 6 mM K3Fe(CN)6 in a 1.0 M KNO3 supporting electrolyte was performed to examine the redox behavior of the CNT-SS electrode. The cyclic voltammograms showed sigmoidal-like shapes, indicating that mass transport around the electrodes is dominated by radial diffusion. Based on the cyclic voltammograms, the effective area of the CNT-SS electrodes and the number of individual CNTs were estimated. These results indicate that the CNT-SS plate and wire electrodes are good candidates to develop practical in vivo biosensors.

Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES; CYCLIC VOLTAMMETRY; ELECTROCHEMICAL BIOSENSOR; POROUS STAINLESS STEEL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2007.217

Publication date: March 1, 2007

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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