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Preparation and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite/Collagen Nanocomposite Gel

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The self-organized hydroxyapatite/colagen (HAp/Col) nanocomposite fiber (79.6/20.4 weight ratio) was synthesized by a co-precipitation method using Ca(OH)2, H3PO4, and Col as starting substances. The gelation of the nanocomposite is essential in the application of the scaffold for bone tissue engineering. We successfully prepared HAp/Col nanocomposite gels by a facile novel method using a sodium phosphate buffer at pH 6.8. The water-insoluble nanocomposite was homogeneously dispersed in the buffer to form a viscous mixture, and gels were obtained after incubating of the mixture at 37 °C. The mechanical strength of the gels was analyzed against the incubation time. The demineralized gel with EDTA had the typical nanostructure of native type I Col fibers from the results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM); the dense network of type I Col nano-fibers below 100 nm in diameter, and the periodic pattern of 68.8±4.4 nm (mean±SD) along the fibers were observed. The gelation of the HAp/Col nanocomposite in the buffer is attributed to the physical cross-linking through entanglement of the reconstituted Col fibrils.
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Keywords: COLLAGEN; GEL; HYDROXYAPATITE; NANOCOMPOSITE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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