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Poly(ethylene naphthalate)/Clay Nanocomposites Based on Thermally Stable Trialkylimidazolium-Treated Montmorillonite: Thermal and Dynamic Mechanical Properties

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Abstract:

Thermally stable organically modified clays based on 1,3-didecyl-2-methylimidazolium (IM2C10) and 1-hexadecyl-2,3-dimethyl-imidazolium (IMC16) were used to prepare poly(ethylene naphthalate) (PEN)/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites via a melt intercalation process. Examination by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy indicates that an intercalated nanocomposite was formed with IMC16-MMT, while unmodified MMT (Na-MMT) and IM2C10-MMT are generally incompatible with PEN. Thermogravimetric analysis reveals that the peak derivative weight loss temperature of the intercalated PEN/IMC16-MMT was more than 10 °C higher compared to neat PEN, PEN/Na-MMT, or PEN/IM2C10-MMT. Dynamic mechanical analysis also showed that a more significant improvement of the storage modulus was achieved in the better dispersed PEN/IMC16-MMT. The effect of annealing on the dynamic storage modulus of the hybrids is also investigated.

Keywords: CLAY; DYNAMIC MECHANICAL ANALYSIS; NANOCOMPOSITES; POLY(ETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.651

Publication date: December 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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