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Microscopic and Spectroscopic Study of Self-Ordering in Poly(3-hexylthiophene)/Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites

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Abstract:

Poly(3-hexylthiophene)–single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) composites were studied using UV-visible absorbance and Raman spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Monolayers of regioregular poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (rrP3HT) adsorbed on SWNTs have been imaged using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to obtain measurements of the chiral angles at which the thiophene polymer chains wrap around individual carbon nanotubes (41–48° with respect to nanotube axis) and polymer interchain spacings (1.68 Å). The rrP3HT interchain distance is greater for rrP3HT monolayers adsorbed onto the curved surfaces of SWNTs than on the flat surfaces of highly ordered pyrolytic graphite samples (1.4 Å). UV-vis spectroscopic data provided strong evidence for increased interchain interactions in composites of rrP3HT and SWNTs compared to the pure polymer. The STM local-probe studies of the native polymer and the composites further confirmed that the rrP3HT interacts with carbon nanotubes to produce a highly ordered material at the molecular level.

Keywords: NANOCOMPOSITES; POLYMER WRAPPING; REGIOREGULAR POLY(3-HEXYL THIOPHENE); SELF-ASSEMBLY; SINGLE-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES; STM; TEM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.678

Publication date: 2006-12-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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