A Novel Piezoelectric Quartz Micro-Array Immunosensor for Detection of ImmunoglobulinE
Abstract:A novel multi-channel 2 × 5 model of piezoelectric (PZ) micro-array immunosensor has been developed for quantitative detection of human immunoglobulinE (IgE) in serum. Every crystal unit of the fabricated piezoelectric IgE micro-array immunosensor can oscillate without interfering each other. A multi-channel 2 × 5 model micro-array immunosensor as compared with the traditional one-channel immunosensor can provide eight times higher detection speeds for IgE assay. The anti-IgE antibody is deposited on the gold electrode's surface of 10 MHz AT-cut quartz crystals by SPA (staphylococcal protein A), and serves as an antibody recognizing layer. The highly ordered antibody monolayers ensure well-controlled surface structure and offer many advantages to the performance of the sensor. The uniform amount of antibody monolayer coated by the SPA is good, and non-specific reaction caused by other immunoglobulin in sample is found. The fabricated PZ immunosensor can be used for human IgE determination in the range of 5–300 IU/ml with high precision (CV is 4%). 50 human serum samples were detected by the micro-array immunosensor, and the results agreed well with those given by the commercially ELISA test kits. The correlation coefficient is 0.94 between ELISA and PZ immunosensor. After regeneration with NaOH the coated immunosensor can be reused 6 times without appreciable loss of activity.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2006
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