Nanoparticle Embedded p-Type Electrodes for GaN-Based Flip-Chip Light Emitting Diodes
We have investigated high-quality ohmic contacts for flip-chip light emitting diodes using Zn–Ni nanoparticles/Ag schemes. The Zn–Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts produce specific contact resistances of 10−5–10−6 Ωcm2 when annealed at temperatures of 330–530 °C for 1 min in air ambient, which are much better than those obtained from the Ag contacts. It is shown that blue InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well light emitting diodes fabricated with the annealed Zn–Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts give much lower forward-bias voltages at 20 mA compared with those of the multi-quantum well light emitting diodes made with the as-deposited Ag contacts. It is further presented that the multi-quantum well light emitting diodes made with the Zn–Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts show similar output power compared to those fabricated with the Ag contact layers.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 November 2006
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