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Electron Transfer Behavior of Monolayer Protected Nanoclusters and Nanowires of Silver and Gold

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Abstract:

Understanding the electron transfer behavior of nanometer sized, both metallic and semiconducting particles and wires is important due to the fundamental interest in size and shape dependent electronic properties and also because of its applications in nano-electronic devices like single electron transistors and molecular switches. Monolayer protected nanoclusters enable one simple and elegant method of synthesis of these types of metallic and semiconducting materials using interfacial chemistry as has been successfully used in several applications ranging from catalysis to molecular electronics. The success of this type of nanostructured materials is due in part to the well known protecting/stabilizing action of the ligands (also known as surface passivating/capping agents), which facilitate the synthesis and processing of these hydrophobic colloids in solution form. The present article discusses the electron transfer behavior of silver nanowires and nanoparticles with varied sizes. In particular, we have investigated the electrochemical properties of silver nanowires (diameter 70 nm, length several micrometers) and compared with the behavior of similar relatively larger sized nanoparticles (size 40 nm). A critical analysis of the redox behavior of silver nanowires and nanoparticles is presented in aqueous medium under various electrolytic conditions along with a comparison of analogous properties of smaller sized (2–7 nm) silver and gold nanoclusters.

Keywords: CYCLIC VOLTAMMETRY; NANOCLUSTERS/NANOPARTICLES; NANOWIRES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.035

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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