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Fabrication of Single Crystalline Cadmium Nanowires by a Facile Low Temperature Vapor Phase Method

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Single-crystalline cadmium nanowires were successfully fabricated by vaporization of cadmium metal powders in a horizontal quartz tube furnace at 250 °C. The vaporization was carried out for 30 minutes and yielded nanowires of diameters of 80 to 250 nm and lengths up to several tens of microns. The nanowires were deposited on a Si (111) substrate kept at the lower temperature zone (150–175 °C) of the furnace. When the deposition temperature was lower than this, hexagonal nanodisks were produced. The possible mechanism for the formation of the obtained nanostructures is discussed.
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Keywords: CADMIUM; SINGLE CRYSTALLINE METAL NANOWIRES; VAPOR-PHASE METHOD

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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