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Force Measurements Between Emulsion Droplets-ssDNA Conjugates: A New Tool for Medical Diagnostics

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Abstract:

We describe here a new system involving direct force measurements between biomolecules that could be used in biomedical diagnostics. The method consists in the use of magnetic emulsion droplets bearing immobilized single stranded DNA fragments (ssDNA, Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid). The immobilized ssDNA fragments are able to recognize complementary DNA molecules via specific hydrogen binding (hybridization process). The ssDNA used in this study are 32 bases oligonucleotides functionalized at their 5′ extremity with biotin and then immobilized onto the magnetic nanodroplets via interactions with streptavidin previously chemically grafted onto the nanomagnetic support. The aim of this work is to evaluate the possible detection of captured nucleic acid targets via single force measurements as an alternative to classical ELOSA (Enzyme Linked Oligo Sorbent Assay). The obtained results are discussed mainly in terms of electrostatic interactions.

Keywords: DNA; MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS; SSDNA

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.509

Publication date: 2006-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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