Structural and Optical Characterization of Strained Free-Standing InP Nanowires
Abstract:The structural and optical properties of high-quality crystalline strained InP nanowires are reported in this article. The nanowires were produced by the vapor–liquid–solid growth method in a chemical-beam epitaxy reactor, using 20nm gold nanoparticles as catalysts. Polarization-resolved photoluminescence experiments were carried out to study the optical properties of the InP nanowires. These experiments revealed a large blue shift of 74 meV of the first electron-to-heavy hole optical transition in the nanowires, which cannot be solely explained by quantum size effects. The blue shift is mainly attributed to the presence of biaxial compressive strain in the inward radial direction of the InP nanowires. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy Electron and selected area electron diffraction experiments show that the nanowires have high crystal quality and grow along a  axes. These experiments also confirmed the presence of 1.8% compressive radial strain and 2% tensile longitudinal strain in the nanowires. A simple theoretical model including both quantum confinement and strain effects consistently describes the actual energy position of the InP nanowires optical emission.
Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: July 1, 2006
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