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Electric Field Modulation of Infrared Absorption at Room Temperature in Electrochemically Self Assembled Quantum Dots

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We report observation of electric-field-modulated infrared absorption at room temperature in electrochemically self-assembled CdS quantum dots produced by electrodepositing the semiconductor in 50-nm pores of an anodic alumina film. The absorption is associated with photoassisted real space transfer of electrons from the CdS dots to surrounding trap sites in the alumina. Similar absorption was observed in the past [Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4423 (2001)] and was the basis of a room temperature near infrared photodetector. An electric field modulates this absorption by altering the overlap between the wavefunctions of electronic states in the quantum dots and the trap states in the surrounding alumina, thereby affecting the matrix element for radiative transitions, similar to the quantum confined Stark or Franz-Keldysh effect. The ability to electrically modulate absorption in these structures can result in inexpensive infrared signal processing devices operating at room temperature.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-07-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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