Controllable Synthesis of Vertically Aligned ZnO Nanorod Arrays in Aqueous Solution
Abstract:High-density well-aligned ZnO nanorod array was successfully synthesized on a large-area magnetron sputtering deposited Al doped ZnO film-coated Si (AZO/Si) substrate via a convenient solution method. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy show that the nanorods are well-oriented perpendicular to the substrate. The influences of the reaction temperature, time, on the size and shapes of the as-prepared ZnO nanorods (ZNs) samples have been studied. The length and diameter of the nanorods became bigger when a longer reaction time was used. When the temperature is elevated to 130 °C, a new conical ZNs was synthesized. Room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectra of all the ZnO products showed a strong ultraviolet (UV) emission. The photoluminescence from free excitons of the ZNs synthesized at higher temperature reflects the high purity and nearly defect free structure of nanorods. The well-aligned feature of the nanorod array is attributed to the nanorods' epitaxial growth from the AZO films.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2006
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