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Synthesis of Complex Shape Gold Nanoparticles in Water–Methanol Mixtures

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Gold nanoparticles with shapes which varied from spheres to multipods and polygons were prepared with a seedless approach in water/methanol mixtures in the presence of polyvinyl alcohol using sodium ascorbate as the reducing agent. The shape of Au nanoparticles is critically affected by the water/methanol ratio, as well as by the ratio of hydrogen tetrachloroaurate (HAuCl4) to sodium ascorbate and the concentration of HAuCl4 in the reaction mixture. A decreased ratio of water to methanol below 30/70 leads to the formation of multi-branched nanoparticles with the size in the range of 30–70 nm at relatively low HAuCl4 concentration, whereas polygons are formed when HAuCl4 concentration increases. The polyvinyl alcohol stabilized multi-branched Au nanoparticle colloids were stable at room temperature for a period of at least six-month.
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Keywords: COLLOID; GOLD; MULTIPOD; NANOPARTICLES; PLASMON RESONANCE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-07-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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