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Catalytic Properties of Silica/Silver Nanocomposites

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Abstract:

The catalytic properties of silver nanoparticles supported on silica and the relation between catalytic activity of silver particles and the support (silica) size are investigated in the present article. The silver nanoparticles with 4 nm diameters were synthesized and were attached to silica spheres with sizes of 40, 78, 105 nm, respectively. The reduction of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) by NaBH4 was designed by using the SiO2/Ag core–shell nanocomposites as catalysts. The experimental results demonstrated that the catalytic activity of silica/silver nanoparticles depends on not only the concentration of catalysts (silver) but also the support silica size. Silver particles supported on small SiO2 spheres (∼40 nm) show high catalytic activity. Moreover, by making a comparison between the UV-vis spectra of the catalyst before and after the catalytic reaction, we found that the position of surface plasma resonance (SPR) peak of Ag nanoparticles changes little. The above results suggested that the size and morphology of silver particles were probably kept unchanged after the reduction of R6G and also implied that the catalytic activity of silver particles was hardly lost during the catalytic reaction.

Keywords: CATALYTIC ACTIVITY; RHODAMINE 6G; SILICA; SILVER NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.320

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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