Ozonolysis of Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

Room temperature ozonolysis of fluorinated SWNT and phenyl-sulfonated SWNT have been studied in perfluoropolyether (PFPE) solvents. Etching at the end caps (∼70 nm/hour for fluorinated SWNT/PFPE suspension with 1 g/l concentration) has been demonstrated to be the dominating effect during the ozonolysis of fluorinated SWNT. Base on characterization by AFM analysis, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy, fluorination along the SWNT side-walls protects F-SWNT from extensive functionalization by ozonolysis. An ozone reaction with fluorinated SWNT has been found to improve its solubility in 96% sulfuric acid. This allows oxidative cutting by ammonium peroxydisulfate without defluorination. In comparison to fluorinated SWNT, phenyl-sulfonated SWNT was found to be effectively and homogeneous cut by ozonolysis in a water suspension.

Keywords: FLUORINATION; OXIDATIVE CUTTING; OZONOLYSIS; PHENYL-SULFONATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.336

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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